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Total Foreign Exchange Reserves Increased by $810bn in Five Years

Foreign exchange reserves are essential to a nation’s economic well-being. Monetary authorities use these external assets for many purposes, but mostly to ensure a central government agency has backup funds if the national currency rapidly devalues.

According to, total foreign exchange reserves increased by $810bn in the last five years, reaching an $11.73trn value in the first quarter of 2020.

U.S. Dollar Accounts for 62% of Foreign Exchange Reserves

Foreign exchange reserves can include deposits, banknotes, bonds, treasury bills, and other government securities. In 2005, the total value of these external assets worldwide reached $4.32trn, revealed Statista and International Monetary Fund data. In the next five years, this figure rose by $4.94trn, reaching a total of $9.26trn at the end of 2010.

Statistics show that by the end of 2013, global foreign exchange reserves jumped to $11.68trn. However, this figure fell to $10.71trn in the next three years. The IMF data indicate the total value of these assets rose by $1.02trn since 2016.

Analyzed by currency, the U.S. dollar accounted for nearly 62% of global foreign exchange reserves, with almost $6.8trn worth assets as of the first quarter of 2020.

Euro ranked as the second-most used reserve currency, with $2.19trn worth assets, or more than 20% of global forex reserves. Japanese Jen follows with and $624bn in currency reserves, and 5.70% market share, respectively.

China Holds Nearly One-third of Global Currency Reserves

China has by far the largest forex reserves, with nearly $3.4trn worth assets as of May 2020, or almost 30% of world`s currency reserves.

The International Monetary Fund data revealed that Japan ranked as the second country on this list with $1.64trn in reserve assets, twice less compared to leading China.

Statistics show that Japanese forex reserves increased by $242bn in the last four months.

As the third country on this list, Switzerland had $913.5bn in foreign exchange reserves as of May, nearly $58bn increase in four months.

Russia and India follow, with $566.1bn and $495.7bn worth assets, respectively.

The United States forex reserves, which are mostly euros and yen, were valued at $133.2bn in July.

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